Saturday, September 9, 2017

Know the symptoms of skin cancer and its treatment - Know the symptoms of skin cancer and its treatment Before we discuss the skin cancer you should Know first what is skin cancer and its symptoms.
Know the symptoms of skin cancer and its treatment

Skin cancer was abnormalities in the cells of the skin that is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells, which make rapid cell growth, age of the cells and the cells lose its base. Skin cancer generally occurs on the skin that are often exposed to the Sun, but this condition can also occur on the skin is not exposed to sunlight directly.

Based on the type of cell that attacked, skin cancer is divided into two types, namely:

  • Melanoma. This is a skin cancer that occurs in the melanocytes or pigment-producing cells of the skin. Skin cancer melanoma skin cancer is rare, but dangerous.
  • Non-melanoma skin cancer. This is a skin cancer that occur on a network other than skin melanocytes. Non-melanoma skin cancer
Skin Cancer Symptoms

Skin cancer generally occur in regions that are often exposed to the Sun such as the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms, and legs. However, in some cases, skin cancer can also occur in areas that are rarely exposed to sunlight such as on the palms of the hands and feet, the bottom of the fingers, even in the genital area. Skin cancer can happen to anyone, including people who have dark skin color. Symptoms of skin cancer is different for each type.

Causes Of Skin Cancer

Generally skin cancer caused by exposure to ultraviolet light causing DNA damage in skin tissue. The main source of ultraviolet light is sunlight consisting of three types, namely:

  • Ultraviolet A (UVA)
  • Ultraviolet B (UVB)
  • Ultraviolet C (UVC)
Of the three types of ultraviolet rays, which are most harmful to the skin is a UVC rays. UVC rays, however, can be absorbed by the atmosphere before it reaches the ground. UVA and UVB can damage skin cells, especially the pale coloured, and potentially cause skin cancer.
Artificial UV light sources such as lamps and UV tanning bed can also cause skin cancer.

Skin Cancer Treatment

Treatment that is done depends on the type and stage of cancer of the skin. The main skin cancer treatment is surgery to remove the cancer cells, mainly on the type of melanoma.

On the type of melanoma skin cancer, treatment is tailored to the stage of cancer. An overview of treatment for each stage of cancer is as follows:

  • Melanoma stages 1 and 2 can be treated with surgery to remove the cancerous tissue and healthy skin around the network. This surgery is the surgical excision. If surgical excision process is expected to leave vast scars, this procedure can be combined with skin grafting (skin grafting)
  • Stage 3 melanoma can be treated with surgery excision on the cancerous tissue. To keep the cancer did not spread to other organs of the body, can do a biopsy the lymph nodes.
  • Stage 4 melanoma occurs when cancerous tissue has already spread to other organs (metastasis). The goal of cancer treatment is no longer a 4 stage to kill cancer cells, but to extend the patient's life expectancy, slowing the growth of cancer, as well as reduce the symptoms that arise. Treatment with, among others through radiotherapy or immunotherapy.
Prevention Of Skin Cancer

The following are some of the ways that can be done to prevent the occurrence of skin cancer:
  • Avoid the Sun at midday. This step can be done by setting up a schedule of activities outdoors during the day. The accumulation of UV light on skin in a long period of time can damage the skin and cause cancer. By avoiding sunlight on the time of day, the accumulation of UV rays can be reduced.
  • Using sunscreen regularly. Sunscreen or sunblock isn't able to absorb all types of harmful UV radiation, but can reduce the bad effects and damage to the skin caused by sunlight.
  • Use clothing that can protect from sunlight. Because sunscreen can't absorb UV radiation, using clothing that covers the body, including the arms and legs, can provide additional protection against the adverse effects of sunlight. In addition, a hat and sunglasses can provide more protection for the head and eyes from the Sun's radiation, especially UVA and UVB rays.
  • Avoid the use of a tanning bed. Tanning bed used to darken the color of the skin radiates UV radiation that can be harmful to the skin.
  • Be careful in using medication with side effects against the skin. Several types of drugs such as antibiotics increase skin sensitivity to light. If taking a drug with side effects, should reduce outdoor activities especially in the middle of the day.
  • Checked routinely and skin mengonsultasikan skin changes that felt unnatural to the doctor.

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