Saturday, August 26, 2017

Prostate cancer, the symptoms and how to treat it

Use-Health - Before we discuss prostate cancer you should first know what is prostate cancer and what are the symptoms of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer, the symptoms and how to treat it

Prostate cancer is the growth of cells uncontrollably in the prostate gland. The prostate is a small gland in the male pelvis which is part of the reproductive system. The prostate is located below the bladder in front of the rectum. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, that channel that carries urine from the bladder to the penis.

The prostate produces fluids that help nourish and protect your sperms. During ejaculation, the prostate secretes fluid into the urethra. Fluid that is issued will be flowing along with the sperm.

There are some prostate cancers are aggressive and can spread quickly. But in General, prostate cancer grows slowly and does not spread.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

Prostate cancer may not cause any symptoms in the early stages. Prostate cancer symptoms prostate occurs when too large or swell and start to affect the urethra. Some signs and symptoms that appear when this happens are:
  • More frequent urination, especially during nighttime
  • Feel pain or heat in the penis during urination or ejaculation
  • Feel the bladder is always full
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Pressure while removing the urine decreases

Usually, signs or symptoms of prostate cancer occurs when the cancer has already spread out of the prostate. But the symptoms above are not always caused by prostate cancer. The above condition could have been caused by a urinary tract infection.

Read Also : Breast Cancer and How his Handling

Until now, the cause of the rise of prostate cancer is still unknown. But a genetic or hereditary factors and age a person can increase the risk of the appearance of prostate cancer.

Causes and Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer

The cause of prostate cancer is certain until now is still unknown. But at a basic level, prostate cancer is caused by changes in the DNA of normal prostate cells. But, prostate cancer affects mainly elderly men. About eight out of ten cases suffered by men aged over 65 years.

Treatment Of Prostate Cancer

For patients with prostate cancer, may be confusing in selecting the best treatment procedure that can be done. Each treatment has done the risk and also the advantages of each. Prostate cancer treatment depends on several factors:
  • Stage of cancer
  • The size of the cancer
  • Age and life expectancy of the patient
  • How broad a spread of cancer that has occurred
  • The health condition of the patient

Here are a few ways of handling of prostate cancer are recommended:

Prostate Cancer Operation
  • TURP or trans-urethral resection : done by way of a general anaesthetic or spinal anaesthetic
  • Prostatektomi Radical : Operation procedure to remove the prostate gland and surrounding tissue.
  • Kryotheraphy : using extremely cold temperatures waft to freeze and kill prostate cancer cells.
  • Radiotherapy : use the energy of radiation to kill cancer cells in cases where the cancer has not spread out of the prostate.
  • Chemotherapy : This action is especially appropriate if the condition of the cancer has already spread to organs outside of the prostate gland.
  • Hormone Therapy : Given after radiotherapy is intended to reduce the possibility of the return of the cancer cells.
  • Cancer-Vaccination : Cancer vaccine works by encouraging the immune system to attack prostate cancer cells.
  • Treatment on bone : This action aims to prevent or slow down the spread of cancer to the bone.
The Final Stage Of Cancer Treatment

When prostate cancer has already entered the final stage, then this condition can no longer be healed. The treatment is done only to slow development, extend, and relieving symptoms.

To cope with the final stages of prostate cancer, treatment can be done is radiotherapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy.

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Prostate cancer, the symptoms and how to treat it
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